Notes on The People’s Marx: abridged popular edition of the three volumes of Capital

Worldcat lists 26 editions and formats.

Seems to have become “lost” like Maksakovsky, despite having so many editions!

Important to do full review of this here and link to shorter reviews for Wikipedia articles on Borchardt, Mehring and Luxemburg, possibly Bogdanov and Lenin (Question of Home Market and Development of Capitalism) and related Worldcat, Google Books and Amazon etc review sections.

See link for (emphasized) “Best” download:

The .pdf is 315.MB but a compressed version at this link, The Peoples Marx.pdf is 33.1MB and looks better than previous “best” below.

The original for above link was at:

https://archive.org/details/sc_0001278943_00000001704137 (copy presented to Jean Longuet)

The accompanying OCR text file from djvu may or may not be as good as the other version from archives.org below.

Perhaps the longer OCR .xml file from djvu or ABBYY.gz is better as might capture italic fonts etc? Or perhaps not.

Another “Best” link for hardcopy can be found below.

https://www.worldcat.org/title/peoples-marx-abridge-popular-edition-of-the-three-volumes-of-capital/oclc/43285135/editions?start_edition=21&sd=desc&referer=br&se=yr&editionsView=true&fq=

Authors are listed as Karl Marx, Julian Borchardt and Stephen L. Trask (translator)

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julian_Borchardt

Borchardt was one of only 8 members of Lenin’s revolutionary left among the 38 delegates at the Zimmerwald international socialist conference:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zimmerwald_Left

Verify above, Borchardt not included in another list:

https://www.marxists.org/history/international/social-democracy/zimmerwald/index.htm

Lenin was keen on him:

https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1915/aug/04.htm

LCW index of names lists references in volumes 21, 22, 35, 36, 41 and 44. Lookup and link if interesting. Check if any subsequent to both remark that nobody in 2nd international understood Capital (Hegel Logic Conspectus) and Borchardt German originals.

Quote relevant bits from above link and other LCW there.

Did not join Communist Party when formed.

Wikipedia links to good html text of preface (1919):

https://www.marxists.org/archive/borchardt/1919/peoplesmarx/preface.html

Also for final part, “The Essence of Marx’s Theory of Crisis”. This part, pp273-284 is listed in table of contents as a “Supplement”, not part of abridgement. It is a much less adequate attempt to cope with what Engels described as “the mess” left by Marx in volume 3. Interesting historically for insight into the best understanding accessible to general audience in 1919. Hopefully remainder complements Maksakovsky, which replaces this section. Abridgement has pp264-272 as chapter 24 on “Crisis” which could perhaps be included here together with above and critique of Rosa Luxemburg chapter etc.

Worth quoting explanation at p264 and include reference to Hilferding in review. Also follow up on Franz Mehring, “Karl Marx”, Leipzig 1918, pp378-387 by Rosa Luxemburg (which might explain prevalence of confusion between “overproduction” and “underconsumption”).

Check for other language translations and compare with standard comintern languages eg see list for Mehring (and perhaps Rosa Luxemburg and Bogdanov?

https://www.marxists.org/archive/borchardt/1919/peoplesmarx/crises.html

Rosa Luxemburg chapter from 1935 translation of 1918 original:

https://www.marxists.org/archive/mehring/1918/marx/ch12.htm#s3

See also Rosa Luxemburg Complete Works volume 2 for later translation of same.

Preface says jointly translated volumes 2 and 3 of Capital to French 20 years earlier.

Justifies listing Karl Marx as author and Julian Borchardt as editor of abridgement:

I will add a few words concerning the manner in which I have sought to fulfil my task. Necessarily I was anxious above all things, as already stated, to let Marx’s own words remain as far as possible, and to confine myself to omissions and transpositions. I have remarked above that the difficulty of understanding Marx is attributable, to a large extent, to the fact that, in order to rightly understand one part of his work, all the other parts must be known. It is hardly exaggerated to say that the first sections must seem to the novice bold enough to venture to read them, as if they were written in Chinese. This is due to the fact that he can have, as yet, no notion of the spirit in which the book was conceived, of the author’s method of thinking and reasoning. In order to obtain such a notion, he must be acquainted with important discussions in the third volume. For this reason it was, from the beginning, evident to me that I should have to entirely transpose the order of Marx’s ideas, consequently the order of treatises containing these ideas. A considerable portion of the contents of the third volume had to be placed right at the beginning. Treatises which, in the original, are distributed over a great number of chapters sometimes wide apart from each other, had often to be joined together; others, on the contrary, had to be taken asunder. I had, therefore, frequently to write connecting sentences. But, on the whole, the exact wording of the original has been rigidly adhered to.

Wikipedia has broken link for yiddish version:

Di yesoydes̀ fun der poliṭisher eḳonomye: loyṭ’n Ḳapiṭal fun Ḳarl Marḳs

This may be a misunderstanding – Worldcat lists a version at a Jewish library but I don’t know if it was just a catalogue entry in Yiddish.

Next link for Borchardt archives should be:

https://search.socialhistory.org/Record/ARCH00095

When fixing wikipedia page also include brief review with link to longer review here.

Earliest english edition 1919, in Japan! Then Japanese edition in 1924:

by Julian Borchardt; Chozaburo Mizutani

Chinese edition 1924:

by Ma ke si; Li ji.; Bo qia de.; J Borscharbt

Many more Chinese editions right through to 1974 and latest 2012.

(I wonder how they translated preface remark that first chapters seem “as if they were written in Chinese”!)

So was certainly read by Mao and very likely most widely accessible in China throughout revolution until defeat. Still in print 2012. Check if 2012 “revised” from 1974.

31 libraries listed, some have microform.

Only one ebook format listed, publisher: London, International Bookshops, 1921. Likely to be CPGB publisher, check.

https://www.worldcat.org/title/peoples-marx-abridged-popular-edition-of-the-three-volumes-of-capital/oclc/667865686?referer=br&ht=edition

Two sources for the one ebook listed:

PreviouslyBest seemed to be, now replaced above:

http://books.scholarsportal.info/viewdoc.html?id=/ebooks/oca2/41/peoplesmarxabrid00marxuoft

This is larger than any version from archive.org below – 20.67MB but opens faster and is more readable than others.

https://archive.org/details/peoplesmarxabrid00marxuoft

Link for epub does not work. All formats available from there, including raw scan data and OCR text:

https://archive.org/download/peoplesmarxabrid00marxuoft

Google Books lists 11 recent hardcopy editions, likely to all be various print on demand publishers who simply print from one or other of the above two sources, hopefully but not necessarily the best one. Earliest from Japan in 1919:

@book{marx1919people,
title={The People’s Marx: Abridged Popular Edition of the Three Volumes of “Capital”},
author={Marx, K. and Borchardt, J.},
url={https://books.google.com.au/books?id=apRzPwAACAAJ},
year={1919},
publisher={Nogami Publishing Company}
}

Latest 2017-10-13.

@book{marx2017people,
title={The People’s Marx: Abridged Popular; Edition of the Three Volumes of Capital (Classic Reprint)},
author={Marx, K.},
isbn={9780266267027},
url={https://books.google.com.au/books?id=63vStAEACAAJ},
year={2017},
publisher={Fb\&c Limited}
}
Claims superior quality control, so could be using the best version above.

None with previews.

Google pretends there is no ebook available, presumably because it is available free as above from Worldcat.

Publisher blurbs mention identified by scholars as culturally significant. Quote this in review. (But still “lost” to “marxians”! Check for any references by any of the usual suspects like Dave Harvey).

Should be able to check quality of different hardcopy editions by browsing Google Books snippets but cannot see any snippets.

Separate Bibtex entries for each “publisher’s” edition.

No review. Worth adding one with link to Maksakovsky here as people trying to find an abridged Marx may end up at Google Books. Also for Amazon etc and for Worldcat.

Amazon etc also list it, presumably from one of these.

Not found at Library Genesis, so upload together with catalog details.

Need properly hyperlinked and indexed epub and pdf versions with full proof reading. Can add chapter 2 of Maksakovsky and links here for more. Perhaps include some of Bogadanov and comparisons? Also some USSR 1955 2nd edition textbook “Political Economy” on Crises and on Lenin as an economist and try to compare with 1954 first edition from snippets.

Wide dissemination of Burchardt could be key to awareness of Maksakovsky!

 

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