raw cyrillic and english from OCR


От редакции. • . . . . . . • .

Введение .••.•..• .•

Фра н с у а К t: Н Э . – Э кономическая таблица • . . • . .” .

” – Объяснение эконом и ч е с ко й таблицы

К. М а р к с. ~ Воспроизводство и обращение всего обще ств. к а пи та л а

по n Taыаиu economique” Кенэ. . . . . . • • . : . •

А д а м С м и т. – О в аловом и чистом QO)rOQe общест ва . • • . . •

” – о с коплении капиталов. • . . . • . . . . • . • •

К . М а р к с. – Адам Смит о в о с п ро изв одств е и обращении всего общественного

каlJитала . . . . • . . . •

~. Б. С э й. – Теория сбыта . • • • . . . . . . . . • •

к. М ар к с. – Ж. ~ . Сэй о потреблении всего о бществ .- продукта .

д. Р и к а р д о. – Накопление капитала • • . • , .

К. М а р.к с. – Критика теории накопл ения Рикардо

– Кри зисы ••••.•

д ж е м с М и л л Ь , – Потребление . . • • • ‘ 1’ • •

к. М а р к с : – Спрос, предложение, перепроиав оцство у Джемса

Милля •••….•..• .• •.•• .•.•.•

Ж. С. д е • С и с м о н д и. – Каким образом возникает доход с кап итааа

” – Как ‘ торговое богатство следует за возра-

станием дохода. . _ . • . • . • • • . .

– Разъяснения, касающи еся р авнов ес ия ме-

жду потреблениеv и прои зводством

К. М а р к с . – О Сисмонди . . . . . • . . • • . • . • . • .

Т. М а л ь т у с. – Накопление и перепроизв одств о . .• . . . . . .

к. М а р к с. – Перепроивводство и чрезм ерное потребление у Маль-

туса .•.•…..•… . ••.•• ” ..1

1\. Р о д б е р т у с – Я г е Ц о в. – Пауперизм и торговые к р и з и с ы

1\. М а р к с. – О теории кри зисов Родбертуса • • . . • . . •

” – Пр осто е воспрои зводство • . . . • . • • . . .

., – Накопление и расширенное воспроизводство. .

., – Закон тендеНЦИ!i нормы прибыли к понижению.

., – Циклы оборотов капитала . • . . • . • • . ..

” – Денежны й капитал и действительный капит ал

Ф. Э 11 Г е л ь с. – Кризисы • . .’ • . • • • . • . . . • • •





















\ 164











Table of contents

From the editors. •. . . . . . •.

Introduction. ••. •. •. •

Fra n S u a K t: N E. – The economic table •. . •. . ”

“- Explanation of the economy table

  1. M and r to with. ~ Reproduction and circulation of all societies. ka pi ta l a

by n Taiyah economique “Quesnay…… • •.:. •

A d a M C m and t. – O in the scarlet and pure QO) rOQe society. • •. . •

“- about accumulating capital. •… •…. •. •.

To MA and to with. – Adam Smith about the creation and circulation of the entire public

kaljitala . . . •. . . •

~. B. Sir – Sales Theory. • • •. . . . . . . . • •

  1. M ar to with. – J. ~. Say about the consumption of all societies .- product.
  2. R and to a rd about. – Capital accumulation • •. •,.
  3. M and RK – Critique of Ricardo’s Accumulation Theory

– Cree zisy ••••. •

e M s M and l L, – Consumption. . • • • ‘ one’ • •

  1. M a rac: – Demand, supply, reproducing the quality of James

Mill ••• …. •. •. • •. ••. •. •. •

Zh. S. de e • S and smndi. – How does the income from the cap itaaa

“- How ‘trading wealth follows age

income. . _. •. •. • • •. .

– Explanations concerning the scope of the EU

waiting for consumption and production

  1. M and r to with. – About Sismondi. . . . . •. . • •. •. •. •.
  2. M and l t in s. – Accumulation and overproduction of o. . •. . . . . .
  3. M and to k. – Recycling and over-consumption in Malaria

Tusa. •. • ….. • …. ••.•• ”

one\. R o d e rt y s – I g e C o c. – Pauperism and trade to the p and s and s

one\. MA and to with. – On the theory of Rodbertus crises • •. . •. . •

“- Continue playback •… •. •. • •…

., – Accumulation and expanded reproduction. .

., – The law of tende! A! I rate of return to a fall.

., – Capital Turnover Cycles. •. . •. • •. ..

“- Monetary capital and real capital al

  1. E 11 Gel with. – Crises. . ‘ •. • • •. •. . . • • •





Maksakovsky’s Sources

T1. This is part 12 of 12 of scan of Russian cyrillic text with many of the sources actually used by Maksakovsky.

Volume has to be returned to library by October 22 so it is urgent to OCR this part and actually translate the Table of Contents on last page.

Then I can check for any items in all 12 files that are not available elsewhere and that have bad pages needing rescan before return to library.



Excellent fully edited translation of above ToC has been forwarded to Professor Richard B Day. I will put edited version online here later after adding exact references and links to the english language excerpts from Marx and other authors that were translated into Russian. (Will be much later as requires OCR and machine translation of the rest and is not urgent).

The raw OCR text and machine translation is here. This required a lot of work for editing formatting. Thanks Peter!

Hopefully identification of english sources will not require such editing and translating and formatting work.

Hopefully we can eventually produce a convenient collection that is effectively an english language reprint of the exact sources Maksakovsky was using. Part 2 of the collection, not yet obtained, is more important for that. If the text is entirely excerpts it should be quite straightforward to identify exactly what was excerpted and use corresponding english language sources. If there are also some summaries and/or commentary it would be necessary to identify the precise locations and edit the machine translation of those portions carefully. None of this is urgent.

But there is one more urgent thing before part 1 is due for return on October 22. It may be necessary to extend the loan and rescan a few double pages if they will cause undue difficulty for above process later on. I have located the pages and it is my impression that IF I could read Russian I would have no difficulty reading the partially obscured text on those pages. But since I don’t read Russian it would be better for somebody who does to take a look.

Also I am assuming that a Russian speaking editor working to improve a badly damaged auto-translated OCR text would not be enormously hindered by the damaged OCR text because the original scan could be referred to. But it would be best to actually check what damaged OCR text looks like and consider whether this will result in Russian speaking editor having to do all the work instead of non-Russian speaker assistant (me) being able to the damaged OCR to first provide corresponding english texts with exact locations of summaries and notes that need actual translation from Russian. Compare the unedited OCR and translation with the actual appearance of the scanned page.

T2. I have uploaded part 3 of 12 here:

Please run this through OCR plus translation, without any extra work for correction and editing.

The 5 double pages listed below have the page binding partially obscuring the text so that the right hand side of lines from the left hand even numbered page and/or the left hand side of lines on the right hand odd numbered page may have junk OCR.

Please inspect the following list of pdf scan double pages where 11p76-77 is on the last scan 11 of 11 in the pdf file which has the double pages 76 and 77:

5p64-5, 8p70-1, 9p72-3, 10p74-5, 11p76-7

Above coded as sspee-oo where ss is the pdf scan within the 11 double page file and ee is the left hand even numbered text page and oo the corresponding odd numbered page of the double page.

T3. Second file with problem scans, these are slightly worse than above. Please check the following list in 4.pdf which has 4 problems out of 8 scans for pp76-91:

1p76-7, 2p78-9, 4p82-3, 5p84-5

T4. Last file with problem scans:

11p170-1, 12p172-3, 13p174-5

T4. Finally, I am listing below all file and page numbers where a tiny scrap of loose paper obscured one or perhaps two words. I am certain there is no need to rescan except conceivably for file 1 as it will not have english originals of the introduction. Presumably taking a look to note what words were obscured in that file only would solve any future issue.

1.pdf 9p19, 10p21, 11p23 etc for rest of file

3.pdf 6p67, 7p68, 10p75

4.pdf 1p77, 2p79, 3p81, 4p82, 5p84 etc

5.pdf 7p103, 10p109

6.pdf 6p134, 7p136, 8p138, 9p140, 10p143

Rest (7-12) all ok.

T5. Non-urgent for later. Below is part 1 which contains the introductory material that will eventually need to be translated from Russian. There are no problem scans so this is not urgent. But when convenient please run it through OCR and machine translation without editing so I can take a look.


Below my notes to edit later.

This lists all files uploaded (of 12) with page ranges for reassembly into single file with OCR text.

Each file is followed by a code ttpff-ee where tt is the number of pdf scans (each with two text pages), ff is first page number in the file (always even for left hand side of double page) and ee is the end page number (always odd for right hand side). So ff + 2tt = ee. There is sometimes an overlap between end of one file and start of next but there are no missing pages. 16p0-33 11p56-77 8p76-91 15p150-179 6p300-310


Original via:

Got item 1

Need part 2

Is this an additional volume 2?

Or this (Germany)?

Says 322 pages

Simon Clarke

Lots worth studying above.

This is especially useful.
Marx’s Theory of Crisis, Macmillan, 293pp., 1994 (Turkish translation 2009; Chinese translation by Yang Jiansheng to be published by Beijing Normal University 2010). File is 197p .doc 2002 draft.

288 citations,5&hl=en

Library Genesis has two versions:

Simon Clarke-Marx’s Theory of Crisis-Palgrave Macmillan (1994).pdf 1Mb with ToC bookmarks and OCR.

title = {Marx’s Theory of Crisis},
author = {Simon Clarke},
publisher = {Palgrave Macmillan},
isbn = {0312120354,9780312120351},
year = {1994},
series = {},
edition = {},
volume = {},
url = {}

Simon Clarke (auth.)-Marx’s Theory of Crisis-Palgrave Macmillan UK (1994).pdf 30MB

title = {Marx’s Theory of Crisis},
author = {Simon Clarke (auth.)},
publisher = {Palgrave Macmillan UK},
isbn = {978-0-333-54283-5, 978-1-349-23186-7},
year = {1994},
series = {},
edition = {1},
volume = {},
url = {}

Springer 30.1M file identical to Library Genesis. OCR but no bookmarks.

doi = {10.1007/978-1-349-23186-7},
title = {Marx’s Theory of Crisis ||},
author = {Clarke, Simon},
isbn = {978-0-333-54283-5,978-1-349-23186-7},
year = {1994},
volume = {10.1007/978-1-349-23186-7},
page = {–},
url = {},

The theory of crisis has always played a central role within Marxism, and yet has been one of its weakest elements. Simon Clarke’s important new book provides the first systematic account of Marx’s own writings on crisis, examining the theory within the context of Marx’s critique of political economy and of the dynamics of capitalism. The book concentrates on the scientific interpretation and evaluation of the theory of crisis, and will be of interest to mainstream economists, as well as to sociologists, political scientists and students of Marx and Marxism.

Table of Contents
Front Matter….Pages i-vii
Introduction: Marxism and the Theory of Crisis….Pages 1-13
The Theory of Crisis in the Marxist Tradition….Pages 14-76
Overproduction and Crisis in the Early Works….Pages 77-94
Production, Circulation and Global Crisis after 1848….Pages 95-119
Money, Capital and Crisis in the Grundrisse….Pages 120-175
Underconsumption, Disproportionality and Overproduction….Pages 176-207
The Falling Rate of Profit and the Tendency to Crisis….Pages 208-245
Crises and the General Law of Capitalist Accumulation….Pages 246-278
Conclusion….Pages 279-286
Back Matter….Pages 287-293

Lots of other works also there.

Also involved in Russian issues (and Chinese and Turkish translators)


EU FP6 research program for large scale Agent Based Macroeconomics models.

Tentatively assuming this should be best starting point, although initial descriptions would use System Dynamics diagrams.

(Agent Based essential from start for many reasons, especially to handle distributions including age cohorts for gestation and depreciation and choice of technologies with generation of new technologies as well as later spatial models for world market crises.)

Main site seems to only have very limited publications list.

Likewise for related:

Not finished checking but seems that this is the best starting point:

Note that these URN links include convenient lookup of Google Scholar to find later citations of them.

Should be possible to find current work.

Model description v1.0 User Manual 2011 167pp:


This post under category Math/Tools is for the software engineering aspect of Agent Based Models. Economic modelling issues will be under Economics/Models later.

FLAMEGPU is my current tentative choice for Agent Based software infrastructure. Closely related to Flame which is used for EURACE.

EURACE is distributed as a single “virtual appliance” .ova file that encapsulates a complete minimal Linux distribution (SliTaz) with all necessary software, models and documentation. This is a standard approach widely used to avoid complex software installations with virtual machine software freely available to run aas a separate “appliance” “guest” virtual operating system under the “host” operating system on all PC platforms (Windows, Macintosh and Linux).

This means there should be no issues installing it on any PC without any necessary IT knowledge or support once one has added the widely used and freely available facility to run .ova files (for which instructions are provided at EURACE download link). Also includes a complete Python SciPy data stack for data analysis so should be easy to use Jupyter for publishing replicable modeling results as recommended by Paul Romer and PySD for integration with other System Dynamics, Engineering (Modelica) and Computational Biology models.

However even before EURACE I will explore smaller and simpler platforms like Jamal and JMAB and possible use of SysUML. Hopefully it will be feasible to do most of the model design using simpler UML based GUI and without any C language at all. But by studying FLAME and FLAME GPU software architecture designed to scalability first, it will be possible to avoid complications that would hinder later implementing the design for large scale parallelization and also for easily using the same convenient SliTaz .ova file approach for distribution to other modelers.

Understanding how to model with FLAMEGPU should ensure that model design and architecture is as scalable as possible.

Actual use with GPU unimportant at this stage. Even the scalability of Flame for ordinary CPUs unnecessary initially, let alone a cloud HPC cluster, even less a cloud GPU cluster.

Better to start with easiest to use software for model design and avoid even the minimal hassles of coding functions in C.

But understanding the constraints for scalability in advance should ensure that any kludge developed initially can be translated to something that would run on a virtual appliance like Eurace or even a cloud GPU cluster, without major redesign of the underlying model architecture.

Hopefully when actually doing that it would be easy enough to produce code for Flame or Flame II virtual appliance for wider distribution to other modelers as well as for Flame HPC CPU clusters and FLAMEGPU for more intensive simulations on PCs with gamer quality graphics (which are widely available), including 3D video of the economic pulse and for FLAMEGPU cloud HPC GPU cluster to produce best possible simulations and videos from them.

Computational Biology

This orientation could be helpful in reaching computational biologists who could take things much further than economists. FLAME and FLAMEGPU originally designed for models of biological tissues from cells.

FLAME is intended to interface with SBML and CellML models which are already part of a very large modeling ecosystem based at COMBINE.

Underlying stochastastic delay partial differential equations for SBML etc also used for engineering (eg Modelica, SystemML), complex dynamic systems, chaos etc and continuum mechanics (biologists also interested in continuum mechanics, especially rheology).

Probably SBML better fit for high level description of Maksakovsky (and financial models) than System Dynamics. But visual presentation and GUI tools of System Mechanics better for reaching quantiative decision sciences in management (especially supply chains) and finance. Hopefully the ontology and other standards at Combine for publication of replicable biological simulations could also be applied to combinations with agent based to facilitate similar explosion of less bizarre models in economics.

Goal is for econometric analysis of the emergent behaviours of low level Agent Based model to display the “Stylized Facts” of Maksakovsky model and provide paramaters for the high level dynamics model that also displays visually similar behaviour. Then repeated cycles from theory to experiment in making both models more concrete.

Another goal is for massive role playing educational game across the cloud with software agents following policies set asynchronously by occasional updates from human players and economic models. This of course involves HLA and Message Oriented Middleware. (Then of course more concrete level for collectives to prepare for revolutionary transformation of each industry and enterprise, which could involve some “wargame” stylle HLA simulations…)


Links below are for direct installation of more scalable FLAMEGPU software which would be far too difficult as starting point.

Got FLAMEGPU release 1.5, docs and tutorial. Under active developement, MIT style open source licence.

Also got “Flame II”:

There is also Flame II inactive since December 2016:

Part of FLAME-HPC with some more recent updates:

CCPForge closes end 2018, all projects will move elsewhere.

Nothing visible there for EURACE or FLAME-dashboard.

Got EURACE-AFM and FLAME-framework.

Got video:

Not sure of relation of FLAMEGPU to “Flame II” or whether that has been merged with it.

When done reading checkout project leader home page and get in touch:

FLAMEGPU Publications

Got all internal publications for understanding the software engineering issues.

Also got these external publications of model application projects using FLAMEGPU. Most are biological, but these three are not.

Move to Economics/Models but note that they use FLAMEGPU with implications for its applicability to resource conflict resolution, organizational co-evolution and market models – not just to biology:

Richmond P. “Resolving conflicts between multiple competing agents in parallel simulations” (2014), Euro-Par 2014: Parallel Processing Workshops, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 8805, pages 383-394.

Percival, J., Wood, N., Breslin, D.A., Romano, D.M. (2014). An Agent-based Simulation of Organizational Co-Evolution. The Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour (AISB). Workshop IV: Modelling Organisational Behaviour and Social Agency. Bournemouth University, 27-28 January 2014.

Romano Daniela, Lomax Lawrence, Richmond Paul (2009), NARCSim An Agent-Based Illegal Drug Market Simulation, Proc. of The International IEEE Consumer Electronics Society’s Games Innovations Conference 2009 (ICE-GIC 09), London in UK, 25th-28th August 2009

Also got the books containing the chapters for first two. Looks like many other interesting chapters (and books!)

[doi 10.1007%2F978-3-319-14325-5] Lopes, Luís; Žilinskas, Julius; Costan, Alexandru; Cascella, R — [Lecture Notes in Computer Science] Euro-Par 2014- Parallel Processing Workshops Volume 8805 __.pdf

doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-14325-5},
title = {[Lecture Notes in Computer Science] Euro-Par 2014: Parallel Processing Workshops Volume 8805 ||},
author = {Lopes, Luís; Žilinskas, Julius; Costan, Alexandru; Cascella, Roberto G.; Kecskemeti, Gabor; Jeannot, Emmanuel; Cannataro, Mario; Ricci, Laura; Benkner, Siegfried; Petit, Salvador; Scarano, Vittorio; Gracia, José; Hunold, Sascha; Scott, Stephen L.; Lankes, Stefan; Lengauer, Christian; Carretero, Jesus; Breitbart, Jens; Alexander, Michael},
isbn = {978-3-319-14324-8,978-3-319-14325-5},
year = {2014},
volume = {10.1007/978-3-319-14325-5},
page = {–},
url = {},

[doi 10.1007%2F978-3-319-18153-0] Secchi, Davide; Neumann, Martin — Agent-Based Simulation of Organizational Behavior __.pdf

doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-18153-0},
title = {Agent-Based Simulation of Organizational Behavior ||},
author = {Secchi, Davide; Neumann, Martin},
isbn = {978-3-319-18152-3,978-3-319-18153-0},
year = {2016},
volume = {10.1007/978-3-319-18153-0},
page = {–},
url = {},

Also got:

Journal of Systems and Software Volume 83 issue 11 2010 [doi 10.1016%2Fj.jss.2010.07.031] Amir A. Khwaja; Joseph E. Urban — A property based specification formalism classification.pdf

doi = {10.1016/j.jss.2010.07.031},
title = {A property based specification formalism classification},
author = {Amir A. Khwaja; Joseph E. Urban},
publisher = {Elsevier Science},
journal = {Journal of Systems and Software},
issnp = {0164-1212},
year = {2010},
volume = {83},
issue = {11},
page = {2344–2362},
url = {},

Discusses “Descartes” which may be suitable high level “philosophy”.

High Level Architecture and FLAMES

HLA is used for real-time “wargames” style simulations with a federation of simulations interacting across a net. This could be relevant much later but a distraction now. Design of FLAME around a “message board” and its export to python data stack for analysis should make joining a federation feasible.

Got free tutorial docs:

There is a commercial HLA compatible project called FLAMES:

My suspicions of a connection are only based on coincidence of name and lack of detailed technical information without registration.

Free trial software and documentation is available with registration and this licensing approach could possibly indicate that they are simply providing a much more convenient GUI etc (eliminating any C coding at all) based on the underlying GPL and LGPL 3 FLAME software.

Relation between FLAMES and RTI for HLA:

doi = {10.1109/csss.2012.533},
title = { [IEEE 2012 International Conference on Computer Science and Service System (CSSS) – Nanjing, China (2012.08.11-2012.08.13)] 2012 International Conference on Computer Science and Service System – Research on the Connection between FLAMES and RTI},
author = {Xie, Xu; Liu, Xiaocheng; Huang, Kedi},
isbn = {978-0-7695-4719-0,978-1-4673-0721-5,},
year = {2012},
page = {2145–2148},
url = {},

Miscellaneous References

doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-23742-8},
title = {[Studies in Big Data] Intelligent Agents in Data-intensive Computing Volume 14 ||},
author = {Kołodziej, Joanna; Correia, Luís; Manuel Molina, José},
isbn = {978-3-319-23741-1,978-3-319-23742-8},
year = {2016},
volume = {10.1007/978-3-319-23742-8},
page = {–},
url = {},