Input Output Tables

Badly designed web site has lots of information. Click their show menu button fo tind it.

Shorter explanation in UN SNA 2008:

Chapter 14: The supply and use tables and goods and services account

14.2 Term “product” now used instead of “commodity” for both flow and balance.

14.4 Product balance:

Turnover = productive consumption + consumption + accumulation

Output + imports = intermediate consumption + final consumption + capital formation + exports

Worth showing imports and exports even though set to 0 for now as will be needed later, for multiple local and regional as well as national tables with transport and trade margins. Will also need taxes and subsidies later.

14.5 Both sides at purchasing prices so add above extras to left side:

Output (at basic prices) + imports + trade margins + transport margins + taxes on products – subsidies on products = (at purchaser’s prices)

intermediate consumption + final consumption + capital formation + exports

Again, we set these extras to 0 for now.

Chapter 28: Input-output and other matrix-based analyses

Also describes Social Accounting Matrix.

For depreciation will also OECD manual on fixed capital:

via list with lots of other useful stuff:

Longer details in 2018 UN handbook below.

Handbook on Supply, Use and Input-Output Tables with Extensions and Applications

Here is a properly bookmarked 628 page, 7.3MB pdf of the final draft:

Sales No.:
ISBN: 978-92-1-1
eISBN: 978-92-1-0
Copyright © United Nations, 2018


After two pages for front cover and copyright the page numbers are i to xiv and 1-612, total 628.

Ignore other links to larger files with less descriptive file names.


Lua is an easy to use embedded scripting language:

Got 4th edn of book.

IDE for all PC platforms with educational material and books: lite editor all PC platforms (with Windows limitations but portable as a USB stick app).

Lua is worth learning for many relevant applications on all platforms.

Short Term – For Document Processing

The main immediate use will be with pandoc and pandoc scholar for document conversion.

Also perhaps some use for LuaTeX supported in LaTex and Tex Live, the default version in many Linux distributions

When publishing to Wikimedia it enables full use of all features.


Including Wikipedia, Wikibooks, Wikiversity, Wikisource, Wikiquotes and also Wikidata:

Mediawiki templates including table tools used on 5% of all pages:


nginix widely used fast and scalable web server

May need early for URL rewriting:

Nginx is included in a widerange of Bitnami stacks for easy deployment:

redis highly scalable key value NOSQL database server

SimpleTask GTD (Getting Things Done) ToDo list and others

User scripting of many games so gamers and games programmers familiar with it. Some very major games listed here (together with some other uses):

Eventually Perhaps

Many others: provides peer PXE boot for cluster by first loading SliTaz which has DNSMASQ and aria2 for torrents local DNS, DHCP, BOOTP, PXE server System Monitor for X displays any info including email and other news feeds on desktop widgets. web email telephony firmware for cheap USD $3-$15 WiFi SOC has all useful feaures including DNSSEC, TSIG, so does dynamic. But no split horizon. anonymous friend to friend encrypted file and message share for all PC  platforms proprietary statistics editor all PC platforms (but MacOS proprietary)

Included in SliTaz probably used extensively to configure like tomsrtbt, Damn Small and Puppy Linux: board games with physical simulation NOSQL tuple store and LUA app server VoIP and conversion GPS navigation IRC client all PC platforms (but needs Cygwin for Windows)


François Quesnay

This category collects material relating to the Physiocrat school and especially Quesnay’s “Tableau Économique”.

Two related purposes.


1. First, to replace the section on the Tableau, originally pp33-45 with equivalent english language material in “The Problem of the Market and Crises – Part 1″. The replacement material will initially be linked here, and eventually included in the complete english edition.

This section looks more complex than others because it uses a Russian original translation from French and an obsolete Russian translation of an obsolete German edition of an excerpt from Marx. It seems unlikely that machine translation will help nor that full translation would be useful.

This requires:

1.1 Exact translation of section title p33

1.2 Exact translation of the title and reference/description given for the badly scanned double page Tableau pp34-5.

This will be used to identify an english translation of the Tableau to use from Kuczynski and Meek (1972) below.

1.3 Exact translation of the title and reference/description given for pp36-43 plus transliteration of the Russian reference. This appears to be a Russian translation and/or summary, perhaps with commentary of Quesnay’s text concerning the Tableau and will be used to identify equivalent english language text as with other chapters. (1896 edited by A. Miklashevsky?)

However we should use the transliterated reference to also include a direct link to Russian database/catalog entries for original source as we will not be providing a translation of any commentary or summary.

1.4 Comparison of the english language version identified in 1.3 with original pp36-43 to see if any additional notes of omissions or other translation work is worth doing.

1.5 Based on my negligible understanding of Cyrillic, non-existant Russian or German and immense difficulty with Gothic fonts I am guessing that pp44-45 are a Russian translation from Kautsky’s badly edited 1905 German version of Marx’s “Theories of Surplus Value”, A.14 p85ff:

Raw machine translation of pp44-45 will be needed. I will try to identify it from material below. May possibly need to also do raw machine translation of part of German text above. Then comparison of identified english extracts with Russian may either result in additional notes of omissions or substantial additions to it from better english sources.

Wikipedia lists several english translations of the Kautsky edition:

There is an english translation of the Kautsky edition, possibly abridged, at UniM Giblin library 335.42 MARX.

Bottoms of pages missing.

Assuming Russian text is translation of above from Kautsky, editable text of similar paragraphs should be in links below.

Same book at Giblin has Kautsky excerpts on Ricardo for which similar editable paras also at TSV pages of

Above is a scan of relevant bits of 1951 version by Bonner and Burns reviewed here:

doi = {10.2307/2550996},
title = {Theories of Surplus Value.},
author = {T. W. Hutchison; K. Marx; K. Kautsky; G. A. Bonner; E. Burns},
publisher = {John Wiley and Sons},
journal = {Economica},
issnp = {0013-0427},
issne = {1468-0335},
year = {1953},
volume = {20},
issue = {77},
page = {81–83},
url = {},

resid = {59e65d7a3a04465a6aab9d6b},
volume = {20},
status = {},
subject = {},
title = {Theories of Surplus Value.},
size = {186470},
extension = {zip},
type = {magazine},
issne = {},
year = {1953},
description = {Economica is an international journal devoted to research in all branches of economics. Theoretical and empirical articles are welcome from all parts of the international research community. Economica is a leading economics journal, appearing high in the published citation rankings. In addition to the main papers which make up each issue, there is an extensive review section, covering a wide range of recently published titles at all levels. From time to time special issues on selected topics are published, and are available as either single back issues or, if published in the current year, are included in the annual subscription.},
abbr = {Economica NS|Economica n s|Economica New Series|NEW SERIES},
md5 = {ab84271a6708a84e0a430ef50f63edaa},
url = {/download/sci/59e65d7a3a04465a6aab9d6b}

Possible downloads:

Google Books has snippet view only for 1952 edition and no preview for LLC edition.

Print sources

Literary Licensing LLC appears to be a front for Amazon. ISBNs in URLs below both go there via: (print)

There is also a kindle version which Amazon claims is an english translation of Kautsky’s edition:

However it may not be. Cover shows from Pine Flag. Wikipedia says:

  • In 2013, Pine Flag Books (Boston, USA) published a Kindle digital version of the three-volume Progress Publishers English edition (edited by Gene Ogorodov).

1.6 The better edited Progress Publishers english edition and translation will be used instead of the Kautsky edition. However that won’t match the Russian text translated from Kautsky edition.

This translation has been made from Karl Marx, Theorien über den
Mehrwert, Teil 1, Dietz Verlag, Berlin, 1956. The arrangement of the material
and the notes correspond on the whole to the Russian edition of Marx-Engels,
Collected Works, Vol. 26, Part I, Moscow, 1962, prepared by the Institute of
Marxism-Leninism in Moscow, where the manuscript of the work is kept.

Text can also be got from complete manuscripts in MECW 30-34 at Library Genesisis.

Especially MECW 31, pp203-240 pdf 208-245

Preface explains that Kautsky mangled his edition and in particular the parts related to Quesnay:

In Marx’s manuscript the analysis of Quesnay’s theory on the reproduction and circulation of the total capital came after the analysis of Smith’s theories; in the Kautsky edition this part of the manuscript precedes the chapter on Smith, and is given in a form rehashed by Kautsky, who arbitrarily removed nine tenths of this section from the main text and put it into an appendix printed in small type and wedged into the main text.

Kautsky also put the theoretical digressions in which Marx sets out his own view of the reproduction of the social capital into a separate appendix printed in small type and inserted in the text of the book. Kautsky tore them out from various places in the manuscript, grossly violating the inner connection between the historico-critical and the theoretical studies of Marx.

The relevant parts appear to be:

Above does not contain the actual diagram of the Tableau but it might have some related text as the Russian extract starts with some text whereas the Tableau diagrams below are at the start of their sections.

That does have a similar table. The table has arrows with both ends labelled. End notes 88-9 provide references to other related information and explains that these labels are very useful so it may be desirable to include this version of the table and the note even if above is not the correct extract.

The full pdf of Progress Publishers TSV part 1, with end notes as well as preface is at:

Ch 6 is likely to be the most relevant, somewhere within pp299-344, pdf 314-350 with end notes 88-110 at pp484-487, pdf 490-493

Finally section 8 of addendum below has similar table without labelled arrows, as in the Russian translation and in Kautsky edition. It may also have related text.

Same is in TSV 1 at pp378-380, pdf 384-386 with arrows visible as in the Russian translation of Kautsky edition, (arrows invisible at, but no labels on the arrows.


Study of references above and below for current priority may eventually be useful in writing a thorough explanation of reproduction schemes, starting from Tableau. See also the full paraphrase of Marx’s chapters done by Ed George.

Quesnay References

Marguerite Kuczynski, Ronald L. Meek (eds.)-Quesnay’s Tableau Économique-Palgrave Macmillan UK (1972).pdf

title = {Quesnay’s Tableau Économique},
author = {Marguerite Kuczynski, Ronald L. Meek (eds.)},
publisher = {Palgrave Macmillan UK},
isbn = {978-1-349-00904-6,978-1-349-00902-2},
year = {1972},
series = {},
edition = {1},
volume = {},
url = {}

doi = {10.2307/2230894},
title = {Quesnay’s Tableau in Modern Guise},
author = {T. Barna},
publisher = {John Wiley and Sons},
journal = {The Economic Journal},
issnp = {0013-0133},
issne = {1468-0297},
year = {1975},
month = {09},
volume = {85},
issue = {339},
page = {485–496},
url = {},


Ian Bradley, Michael Howard (eds.)-Classical and Marxian Political Economy_ Essays in Honour of Ronald L. Meek-Palgrave Macmillan UK (1982).pdf

title = {Classical and Marxian Political Economy: Essays in Honour of Ronald L. Meek},
author = {Ian Bradley, Michael Howard (eds.)},
publisher = {Palgrave Macmillan UK},
isbn = {978-0-333-32199-7,978-1-349-16723-4},
year = {1982},
series = {},
edition = {1},
volume = {},
url = {}

Gianni Vaggi, Peter Groenewegen-A Concise History of Economic Thought_ From Mercantilism to Monetarism-Palgrave Macmillan UK (2003).pdf

title = {A Concise History of Economic Thought: From Mercantilism to Monetarism},
author = {Gianni Vaggi, Peter Groenewegen},
publisher = {Palgrave Macmillan UK},
isbn = {978-1-4039-8739-6,978-0-230-50580-3,191-203-211-2},
year = {2003},
series = {},
edition = {1},
volume = {},
url = {}

raw cyrillic and english from OCR


От редакции. • . . . . . . • .

Введение .••.•..• .•

Фра н с у а К t: Н Э . – Э кономическая таблица • . . • . .” .

” – Объяснение эконом и ч е с ко й таблицы

К. М а р к с. ~ Воспроизводство и обращение всего обще ств. к а пи та л а

по n Taыаиu economique” Кенэ. . . . . . • • . : . •

А д а м С м и т. – О в аловом и чистом QO)rOQe общест ва . • • . . •

” – о с коплении капиталов. • . . . • . . . . • . • •

К . М а р к с. – Адам Смит о в о с п ро изв одств е и обращении всего общественного

каlJитала . . . . • . . . •

~. Б. С э й. – Теория сбыта . • • • . . . . . . . . • •

к. М ар к с. – Ж. ~ . Сэй о потреблении всего о бществ .- продукта .

д. Р и к а р д о. – Накопление капитала • • . • , .

К. М а р.к с. – Критика теории накопл ения Рикардо

– Кри зисы ••••.•

д ж е м с М и л л Ь , – Потребление . . • • • ‘ 1’ • •

к. М а р к с : – Спрос, предложение, перепроиав оцство у Джемса

Милля •••….•..• .• •.•• .•.•.•

Ж. С. д е • С и с м о н д и. – Каким образом возникает доход с кап итааа

” – Как ‘ торговое богатство следует за возра-

станием дохода. . _ . • . • . • • • . .

– Разъяснения, касающи еся р авнов ес ия ме-

жду потреблениеv и прои зводством

К. М а р к с . – О Сисмонди . . . . . • . . • • . • . • . • .

Т. М а л ь т у с. – Накопление и перепроизв одств о . .• . . . . . .

к. М а р к с. – Перепроивводство и чрезм ерное потребление у Маль-

туса .•.•…..•… . ••.•• ” ..1

1\. Р о д б е р т у с – Я г е Ц о в. – Пауперизм и торговые к р и з и с ы

1\. М а р к с. – О теории кри зисов Родбертуса • • . . • . . •

” – Пр осто е воспрои зводство • . . . • . • • . . .

., – Накопление и расширенное воспроизводство. .

., – Закон тендеНЦИ!i нормы прибыли к понижению.

., – Циклы оборотов капитала . • . . • . • • . ..

” – Денежны й капитал и действительный капит ал

Ф. Э 11 Г е л ь с. – Кризисы • . .’ • . • • • . • . . . • • •





















\ 164











Table of contents

From the editors. •. . . . . . •.

Introduction. ••. •. •. •

Fra n S u a K t: N E. – The economic table •. . •. . ”

“- Explanation of the economy table

  1. M and r to with. ~ Reproduction and circulation of all societies. ka pi ta l a

by n Taiyah economique “Quesnay…… • •.:. •

A d a M C m and t. – O in the scarlet and pure QO) rOQe society. • •. . •

“- about accumulating capital. •… •…. •. •.

To MA and to with. – Adam Smith about the creation and circulation of the entire public

kaljitala . . . •. . . •

~. B. Sir – Sales Theory. • • •. . . . . . . . • •

  1. M ar to with. – J. ~. Say about the consumption of all societies .- product.
  2. R and to a rd about. – Capital accumulation • •. •,.
  3. M and RK – Critique of Ricardo’s Accumulation Theory

– Cree zisy ••••. •

e M s M and l L, – Consumption. . • • • ‘ one’ • •

  1. M a rac: – Demand, supply, reproducing the quality of James

Mill ••• …. •. •. • •. ••. •. •. •

Zh. S. de e • S and smndi. – How does the income from the cap itaaa

“- How ‘trading wealth follows age

income. . _. •. •. • • •. .

– Explanations concerning the scope of the EU

waiting for consumption and production

  1. M and r to with. – About Sismondi. . . . . •. . • •. •. •. •.
  2. M and l t in s. – Accumulation and overproduction of o. . •. . . . . .
  3. M and to k. – Recycling and over-consumption in Malaria

Tusa. •. • ….. • …. ••.•• ”

one\. R o d e rt y s – I g e C o c. – Pauperism and trade to the p and s and s

one\. MA and to with. – On the theory of Rodbertus crises • •. . •. . •

“- Continue playback •… •. •. • •…

., – Accumulation and expanded reproduction. .

., – The law of tende! A! I rate of return to a fall.

., – Capital Turnover Cycles. •. . •. • •. ..

“- Monetary capital and real capital al

  1. E 11 Gel with. – Crises. . ‘ •. • • •. •. . . • • •




The Reproduction Schemes

Engels gives fair warning that this section of Marx’s posthumously published Volume 2 of Capital was “carried to its conclusion by main force during a state of illness in which the brain was suffering from chronic sleeplessness”.

Nevertheless, some understanding of it is a necessary preliminary to reading Maksakovsky. If any readers could be presumed to meet that requirement it was Maksakovsky’s intended audience:

“The work of comrade Maksakovsky is incomplete. It was presented in the autumn of 1927 as a report to the seminar on the theory of reproduction held at the Institute of Red Professors…” (Editor’s foreword, p3)

They published the incomplete report posthumously, but it sank almost without trace until the only known library copy was translated by Professor Richard B. Day

Today there is no such Institute of Red Professors and no such seminar on the theory of reproduction.

Marx was less demanding of his readers.

 “In the preface to the first volume of Capital, Marx, with his well-known “social optimism,” presupposes “a reader who is willing to learn something new, and therefore to think for himself”– this being I believe the only unwarranted presupposition Marx ever made.”
Rudolf Hilferding
As Lenin wrote in 1914:

Aphorism: It is impossible completely to understand Marx’s Capital, and especially its first chapter, without having thoroughly studied and understood the whole of Hegel’s Logic. Consequently, half a century later none of the Marxists understood Marx!!” 

More than a century later this situation has not improved.

As for Hegel’s Logic:

“Unfortunately, [it] 

is the single densest book ever published. No one who has peeked 

under its covers would dare dispute this claim.”

David Gray Carlson, “A Commentary on Hegel’s Science of Logic”, p1.

There is a very real danger that this work could be lost again.

We have a problem. 

Engels to Victor Adler In Vienna – London, March 16, 1895
​ …As you want to have a grind in prison at Capital [Volumes] II and III, I will give you a few hints to make it easier.

Section III is a most excellent account of the entire circuit of commodities and money in capitalist society – the first since the days of the Physiocrats. Excellent in content but fearfully heavy in form because (1) it is put together from two versions which proceed according to two different methods and (2) because version No. 1 was carried to its conclusion by main force during a state of illness in which the brain was suffering from chronic sleeplessness. I should keep this right to the end, after working through Volume III for the first time. For your work too, it is not immediately indispensable.